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Muscle, Ligaments and Tendons Journal

The effect of deep shoulder infections on patient outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair:
a retrospective comparative study

Original Article, 43 - 50
doi: 10.11138/mltj/2018.8.1.043
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Abstract
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Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of deep shoulder infections after RCR on patient outcomes.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted involving all patients with deep shoulder infections after arthroscopic RCR (study group).
Another group of patients who were matched with the study group by age, gender and rotator cuff tear size, and did not develop deep shoulder infections after arthroscopic RCR was randomly identified (control group). The two groups were compared in terms of time to start physiotherapy, shoulder function, and delay in return to work.
Results: There were 10 patients in each group. The mean time to start physiotherapy after surgery was 145.3 (SD=158.8) days for the study group and 40.0 (SD=13.7) days for the control group (p=.051). The average forward elevation of the operated shoulder was 133 (SD=33.4) degrees for the study group, and 172 (SD=12.0) degrees for the control group (p=0.003). The average time to return to work at pre-operative level was 5.6 months for the study group and 3 months for the control group.
Conclusions: Deep shoulder infections after RCR significantly impedes time to start physiotherapy, shoulder function, and patients’ ability to return to work.
Level of evidence: Retrospective comparative (case-control) study. Level III b..

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