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Muscle, Ligaments and Tendons Journal

Arthroscopic versus open Latarjet in the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder instability:
a prospective study

Original Article, 51 - 57
doi: 10.11138/mltj/2018.8.1.051
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Abstract
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Introduction: To compare the clinical, radiological parameters and the operation time between the open and the arthroscopic Laterjet procedure.
Methods: 65 patients were prospectively enrolled and divided in 2 groups: Group A, open Latarjet; Group B arthroscopic Latarjet. The mean followup was 26+/-2 months.
All patients were assessed pre-operatively and at final follow-up with: ROWE, DASH, VAS, ROM and physical examination and with computed tomo graphy. The operation length was recorded.
Results: At the final follow-up no significative differences was found in ROWE, DASH, VAS, ROM and physical examination.
The mean operation time was 119.94 minutes in the Group A and 217.8 minutes in the Group B (P<0.005).
At CT Scan the orientation of the screw was 27.1° in the Group A; 21.9°±5.5° in the Group B (P<0.005). No statistical difference was found analyzing the angles of the two screws and the distance between the tip of the screw and the border of the glenoid.
There was a decrease of the inferior surface of the glenoid area of 82.3 mm2 in the Group A and 54.5 mm2 in the Group B.
Conclusion: In conclusion, this study may suggest that arthroscopic approach and open procedure are similar in terms of surgical and clinical results.
Level of evidence: III.

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