Cic edizioni internazionali
Muscle, Ligaments and Tendons Journal

Motor and cognitive development: the role of karate

Original Article, 114 - 120
doi: 10.11138/mltj/2014.4.2.114
Tag this article
Abstract
Enhanced HTML Full text PDF
Background: regular physical activity has an effect on biological responses in both muscles and organs that, in turn, alter the structure and functions of the brain. Therefore, this study aims at comparing motor (sprint, coordination ability and explosive legs strength skills) and cognitive abilities (working memory, attention, executive functioning) in children.
Methods: 39 children with average chronological age of 9 years were divided in: Karatekas (n=19) and Sedentary (n=20) groups. Their abilities were measured by motor and cognitive tests. Motor skills were assessed through a battery composed by the 20 mt Sprint test, the Agility test and the Standing board jump Test. Cognitive profile was assessed by a battery of tests derived from BVN 5-11, “Batteria di Valutazione Neuropsicologica per l’Età Evolutiva”: Visual discrimination test, Reaction time test, Forwards and Backwards Digit Span Tests, Corsi Block-Tapping test and Tower of London.
Results: our results reveal significant differences between two groups (p < 0.05). Karate children show better speed times, explosive legs strength and coordination skills. They scored better on working memory, visual selective attention and executive functions. Conclusion: karate exercise training shows global benefits resulting in physiological and psychological gains in children.

Vol. 7 (No. 4) 2017 October/December

  1. Arthroscopy and sport
    Volpi P.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.490
  2. Biomechanics: a fundamental tool with a long history (and even longer future!)
    Innocenti B.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.491
  3. Multibody modelling of ligamentous and bony stabilizers in the human elbow
    Terzini M., Zanetti E.M., Audenino A.L., Putame G., Gastaldi L., Pastorelli S., Panero E., Sard A., Bignardi C.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.493
  4. Biomechanical response of the plantar tissues of the foot in healthy and degenerative conditions
    Fontanella C.G., Carniel E.L., Macchi V., Porzionato A., De Caro R., Natali A.N.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.503
  5. Finite element comparison between the human and the ovine lumbar intervertebral disc
    Casaroli G., Villa T., Galbusera F.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.510
  6. Tibiofemoral wear in standard and non-standard squat: implication for total knee arthroplasty
    Fekete G., Sun D., Gu Y., Neis P.D., Ferreira N.F., Innocenti B., Csizmadia B.M.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.520
  7. Automatic characterization of soft tissues material properties during mechanical tests
    Innocenti B., Larrieu J.-C., Lambert P., Pianigiani S.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.529
  8. Full-field in vitro investigation of hard and soft tissue strain in the spine by means of Digital Image Correlation
    Ruspi M.L., Palanca M., Faldini C., Cristofolini L.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.538
  9. Sensitivity analysis of the material properties of different soft-tissues: implications for a subjectspecific knee arthroplasty
    Pianigiani S., Croce D., D'Aiuto M., Pascale W., Innocenti B.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.546
  10. Mechanoreceptors of the Achilles tendon: a histomorphological study in pigs with clinical significance for humans
    Kapetanakis S., Gkasdaris G., Daneva E., Givissis G., Papathanasiou J., Xanthos T.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.558
  11. Tripled semitendinosus with single harvesting is as effective but less invasive compared to standard gracilis-semitendinosus harvesting
    Drocco L., Camazzola D., Ferracini R., Lustig S., Ravera L., Graziano E., Massè A., Bistolfi A.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.564
  12. Differences between the sexes in athletes’ body composition and lower limb bioimpedance values
    Mascherini G., Castizo-Olier J., Irurtia A., Petri C., Galanti G.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.573
  13. Flexibility responses to different stretching methods in young elite basketball players
    Notarnicola A., Perroni F., Campese A., Maccagnano G., Monno A., Moretti B., Tafuri S.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.582
  14. The effect of deep shoulder infections on patient outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: a retrospective comparative study
    Atesok K., MacDonald P., Leiter J., McRae S., Singh M., Stranges G., Old J.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.590
  15. Lower limb strength, but not sensorial integration, explains the age-associated postural control impairment
    Andrade H.B., Costa S.M., Pirôpo U.S., Schettino L., Casotti C.A., Pereira R.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.598
  16. Trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis: a prospective trial on two widespread conservative therapies
    Rocchi L., Merolli A., Giordani L., Albensi C., Foti C.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.603
  17. Unicompartmental knee replacement in patients aged 70 years and older
    Ventura A., Legani C., Borgo E.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.4.611
Last Viewed articles: la lista degli ultimi x visitati.
  1. Motor and cognitive development: the role of karate
    Alesi M., Bianco A., Padulo J., Vella F.P., Petrucci M., Paoli A., Palma A., Pepi A.
    doi: 10.11138/mltj/2014.4.2.114
credits