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Muscle, Ligaments and Tendons Journal

Conservative, minimally invasive and open surgical repair for management of acute ruptures of the Achilles tendon: a clinical and functional retrospective study

Original Article, 46 - 52
doi: 10.11138/mltj/2017.7.1.046
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Abstract
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Background: At present, it is unclear which is the best management for Achilles tendon rupture. Purpose: We assess the clinical, functional and imaging outcomes of active patients undergoing 3 different types of management for acute subcutaneous rupture of the Achilles tendon, including conservative cast immobilization, traditional open surgery and percutaneous repair.
Methods: 26 active patients were managed for a rupture of the Achilles Tendon from January 2007 to March 2008. Anthropometric measurements, Functional assessment, Isometric strength, Ultrasonographic assessment, Patient satisfaction,
Working life, Physical activity, Functional score and Complications were recorded retrospectively.
Results: All 23 (21 men, 2 women) patients were reviewed at a minimum follow-up of 24 months (average 25.7, range 24 to 32 months, SD: 6.3) from the index injury. Thermann scores and patient satisfaction were significantly higher following surgery than conservative management with no significance between open and minimally invasive operated patients. Sensitive disturbances occur in up to 12% of open repairs and 1.8% of patients managed nonsurgically.
Conclusions: Clinical and functional outcomes following surgical repair, percutaneous and open, of the Achilles tendon are significantly improved than following conservative management.
Level of evidence: Level III.

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