Table 1.

Potential applications of robotics in shoulder rehabilitation.

Shoulder Pathologies
Orthopaedic Neurological
Instability Paralysis/paresis
Conservative Post-stroke
Postoperative Post-traumatic brain injuries

Stiff shoulder Peripheral nervous system injuries

Arthroplasty Degenerative diseases of the central nervous system

Rotator cuff tears Muscular dystrophies
Other tendon or muscle ruptures Pectoralis major Deltoid
MLTJ Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal CIC Edizioni Internazionali 2014 April-June; 4(2): 207–213. ISSN: 2240-4554
Published online 2014 July 14.